Preface Introduction Chapters Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Appendices Appendix I Appendix II Appendix III Appendix IV Appendix V Appendix VI Appendix VII Appendix VIII Appendix IX Appendix X Appendix XI Appendix XII Appendix XIII Appendix XIV Appendix XV Appendix XVI Appendix XVII Appendix XVIII Appendix XIX Appendix XX Appendix XXI Indexes References Names Biblical References General Bibliography
The Expression of “Continuation” of State or Action by
a Compounded Use of Hayah.
This construction is used to indicate "continuous habit", "incipient
action", or "the continuation of a state". It points up very clearly
the sense in which the verb  is a verb of action - not merely of
state, since even when it is used of a state it is given the rather
special meaning of a deliberate continuation in that state.
In order to make the original verbal forms identifiable, the verb
is written in capitals and the following participle of the assoc-
iated verb in italics. For example, when followed by a participles
Gen. 4.17: "Cain WAS (occupied) in building...."
Exod. 3.1: "Moses WAS shepherding the flocks...."
Josh. 10.26: "They WERE hanging upon the trees till evening".
I Sam. 2.11: "The child WAS ministering unto the Lord".
I Sam. 18.9: "Saul WAS eyeing David from that day forward".
I Ki. 5.1: "For Hiram WAS always loving towards David".
I Ki. 13.24: "His carcass WAS lying cast in the way".
I Ki. 22.35: " The king WAS propping himself up in his chariot".
Ezra 4.4: "The people of the land WERE weakening...."
Neh. 1.4: "And I WAS fasting...."
Neh. 13.26: "And he WAS indeed being loved of his God".
As we have noted in connection with the use of  in the Book
of Job, the same basic construction is understood, but for dramatic
effect the verb  is deliberately omitted. Thus in Job 1.16-18
the verb is missing at three places: (were) speaking, and (were) yet
speaking (twice). See also:
Job 18.10: "(is) being laid"
Job 20.26: "(shall be) being hidden"
Job 36.8: "If they (are) being bound"
And followed by an infinitive:
Gen. 15.12: "and the sun WAS about to go down".
Josh. 2.5: "and the gate WAS about to be shut".
II Chron. 26.5: "And he WAS about to be seeking (ie., be-
gan to seek) God...."
Isa. 5.5: "It SHALL BE (ie., come to be) eaten up".
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Copyright © 1988 Evelyn White. All rights reserved