Table of Contents
Part V: The Trinity in the old Testament
The "Angel of the Lord"
and "The Voice of the Lord"
was said previously that the name of the Lord may refer to the
whole Godhead collectively or to the Persons individually, it
will be remembered that we mentioned that one Person may have
one form of special responsibility and another Person another.
Thus the Messenger or Angel of the Godhead is given the title
"The Angel of the Lord," and throughout Scripture it
will be found quite consistently that this title is reserved
1 of 3
When Jacob wrestled with the Angel
of the Lord, he was well aware of His true identity. This Person
appeared to Jacob as a man (Genesis 32:24) and wrestled with
him. Subsequently this Person identified Himself as God (verse
28), and as a consequence Jacob named that place Peniel, a Hebrew
compound form which means "the face of God," for he
said, "I have seen God face to face" (verse 30). Since
no man has seen God the Father, this was God the Son. Hosea 12:4
and 5 tell us that this Person was "the Angel . . . even
the Lord God of Hosts," the last title reflecting what we
have noted in Malachi 3:1. Jacob himself subsequently refers
back to this incident in his life when blessing Joseph (Genesis
48:15,16) and calls this Angel his Redeemer. Putting all these
passages together, we have Jesus identified as the Angel of the
Lord, the King, the Redeemer, the Lord God of Hosts, and as Jehovah.
In Judges 2:1 we read that the
Angel of the Lord came up and reminded the children of Israel
that He had brought them out of Egypt and that He had made an
unbreakable covenant with them. This Angel is shortly thereafter
referred to simply as the Lord, a perfectly normal transcription
of title in view of what we have already established.
The Third Person in the Godhead
is the Holy Spirit, and He
appropriately is referred
to as the Voice of the Lord, a quite specific title by which
New Testament writers were able to identify the Holy Spirit in
the Old Testament. For example, in Isaiah 6 verses 8 and 9 it
is written, "Also I heard the Voice of the Lord, saying,
Whom shall I send, and who will go for us. . . ?" In Acts
28:25 and 26 Paul makes this observation, "And when they
agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had
spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Isaiah the prophet
unto our fathers, Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing
ye shall hear, and not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and
not perceive" -- a statement which is a direct quotation
of the message which was given to Isaiah (Isaiah 6:9), and here
attributed to the Holy Ghost. Now, it may be said that this phrase
"the Voice of the Lord" is not nearly specific enough
to be extracted from its context and termed a title. However,
the striking thing is that while John has already identified
for us the One whom Isaiah saw in his vision, it was Paul
who identified the One whom Isaiah heard. Moreover, while
the Holy Spirit said, "Who will go for us?" He said,
"Whom shall I send," and not "Whom shall we send,"
thereby singling Himself out in a special way as the One who
commissions men with a particular message. In Psalm 95:6-10 are
O come, let us worship and bow
down: let us kneel before the LORD our
For he is our God; and we are the
people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.
Today if ye will hear his voice,
Harden not your heart, as in the
provocation, and as in the day of temptation
in the wilderness:
When your fathers tempted me, and
proved me, and saw my work.
Forty years long was I grieved
with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err
in their heart, and they have not known my ways.
is referred to in Hebrews 3:7-10 and here it is directly attributed
to the Holy Spirit in verse 7. Moreover, it is the Holy Spirit
who is "grieved" by us (Ephesians 4:30), as He was
grieved by the children of Israel for forty years.
In Isaiah 63:8-10 it is written,
For he [the Lord] said, Surely
they are my people, children that will not lie:
so he was their Saviour.
In all their affliction he was
afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love
and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried
them all the days of old.
But they rebelled, and vexed his
holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy,
and he fought against them.
again it is the Holy Spirit who is grieved. It seems as though
there is some special connection here between the One whom the
Lord called the Comforter (John 14:16) and One whom men have
continually grieved. It seems to me a remarkable thing how consistently
Scripture agrees with itself in little matters such as this,
which in one sense are incidental and yet are a delight to discover.
It is surely unlikely that these writers agreed among themselves
to associate these ideas, and it could be said, therefore, that
such conclusions are evidences of inspiration from a single source.
Copyright © 1988 Evelyn White. All rights
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